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Gopalganj Introduction : Gopalganj District comes into existence on 2nd October’1973. Earlier it was a part of old Saran District and has closed linked with the history of parent’s district. Earlier it was a Sub – Division of Saran District.

The District of Gopalganj is located on the West –North corner of the Bihar State. Between 83.54° - 85.56° latitude and 26.12° - 26.39°North longitude. It is bounded on East by Champaran and river Gandak on the South by Siwan District and on the North West Deoria District of Uttar Pradesh. The river Gandak supported by tributaries like Jharahi, Khanwa, Daha, Dhanahi etc give a big status of river. Due to this land of District is fertile and alluvial because of this river the District is good in cultivation and irrigation. The river imparts prosperity to the people to play and important role in making the District significant and unique. River Gandak by depositing the top quality of soil bringing from the Nepal, place and important role in the economy of the District.

Historical Background : Historians establish on the basis of analysis of evidences that this place was underthe king of Videh during Vaidic age. During the Aryan period a schedule tribe Vaman King Chero roled the place. The rulers of that time were found of making temple and other religious supports. It is one of the reasons that there are so many temples and others religious places are within the reason. Some significant temples and religious supports within the district are Durga’s temple of Thawe, fort of Manjha, Vaman Gandey Pond of Dighwa Dubauli, Fort of King Malkhan of Sirisia, Kuchaykot etc.

People of Gopalganj where always in the lime light either it be thestruggle for freedom. Including J. P. movement and movements for women education and movement against non payment of tax and prohibition of 1930. Under the leadership of Babu Ganga Vishnu Rai and Babu Sunder Lal of Bankatta. In 1935 Pandit Bhopal Pandey gave his life for the freedom of the country.

People of Gopalganj are indebted to the freedom fighters to who gave there lives for motherland. During Mahabharat age this region was under the King Bhuri Sarwa. During 13th Century and 16th Century the place was ruled by Sultan of Bengal Gayasuddin Abbas and Babar.

Villages : Total Villages 1566
Inhabited 1397
Uninhabited 169
  Panchayats 234
Sub-Divisions 02
Blocks 14
Revenue Circles 14
Halkas 101
Police Stations 18
Police Out posts 04
Town 04
Nagar Parishad (Gopalganj) 01
Nagar Panchayats 03(Barauli,Mirganj &Kateya)
M.P.Constituency 1
M.L.A. Constituncy 6
Getting there Air Nearest airport is at Sabeya (Hathua)(30 kms).
Rail Connected by rail, with a station at Gopalganj (important broad gauge route and a narrow gauge line).
Road State highways and roads link district headquarters at Gopalganj to all 14 blocks. National highway (No 28) passes through Gopalganj.
Physical Geographical location Between 26° 12'' and 26° 39''; North latitudes and 83° 54'' to 84° 55''; East longitudes, in the northern part of the state.
Area 2033 km˛  
Adjoining districts North : East & West Champaran District, South : Siwan & Chappra District East : East Champaran & Muzaffarpur District , West : Uttar Pradesh
Major urban centres Gopalganj, Mirganj, Barauli, Kateya, Vijaipur.
Major crops Rice, Wheat, groundnut, sugarcane
Major rivers Gandak, Daha
Water Supply Resources ----
Total no. of Blocks 14 Blocks (Bhore, Gopalganj, Manjha, Uchkagaon, Kuchaikot, Kateya, Vijyapur, Barauli, Hathua, Baikunthpur, Phulwaria, Thawe, Panchdevari, Sindhwalia)
Demography (2011 census)



Total No. of HouseHold: 4,13,044
Population Persons Males Females
Total 2562012 1267666 1294346
In the age group 0-6 years 449530 230014 219516
Scheduled Castes (SC) 320064 159265 160799
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 60807 29833 30974
Literates 1382998 793905 589093
Illiterate 1179014 473761 705253
Total Worker 728201 539586 188615
Main Worker 363111 300336 62775
Main Worker - Cultivator 138969 120197 18772
Main Worker - Agricultural Labourers 108576 84113 24463
Main Worker - Household Industries 12455 9186 3269
Main Worker - Other 103111 86840 16271
Marginal Worker 365090 239250 125840
Marginal Worker - Cultivator 69990 46553 23437
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers 230090 145901 84189
Marginal Worker - Household Industries 13594 8517 5077
Marginal Workers - Other 51416 38279 13137
Marginal Worker (3-6 Months) 284214 192706 91508
Marginal Worker - Cultivator (3-6 Months) 52665 36153 16512
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers (3-6 Months) 178588 117620 60968
Marginal Worker - Household Industries (3-6 Months) 10101 6532 3569
Marginal Worker - Other (3-6 Months) 42860 32401 10459
Marginal Worker (0-3 Months) 80876 46544 34332
Marginal Worker - Cultivator (0-3 Months) 17325 10400 6925
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers (0-3 Months) 51502 28281 23221
Marginal Worker - Household Industries (0-3 Months) 3493 1985 1508
Marginal Worker - Other Workers (0-3 Months) 8556 5878 2678
Non Worker 1833811 728080 1105731
Total Urban Population      
Total Rural population      
% of Scheduled Castes      
% of Scheduled tribes      
Sex ratio (females/1000 males) 1,015
Literacy Rate Total 53.98%
Males 62.62%
Females 45.51%

The physical (geographical) area of the Gopalganj District approximates about 2033 sqr. Km. Total physical area can roughly be put in two categories i.e. Normal Area and Lowly Area (food infected area) parts of the six blocks like Gopalganj, Kuchaykot, Manjha, Sidhwalia, Barauli and Baikunthpur are flood affected areas.

These areas remain under water in the rainy season. But so far as cultivation and agriculture is concern these areas called stock of food grains. Rest of the parts is normal area with full greenery and cultivable land.



Climate of Gopalganj is the same as rest of Bihar and can be demarcated a normal climate.

Summer season – March to June. Rainy Season - July to October.

Winter Season - November to February.Spring Season - February to March.



Gopalganj falls within the zone of normal temperature. Normally temperature of the district varies between 10°c. - 30°c. in Winter and 30°c. - 40°c. in Summer.



Gopalganj is situated in the region of good rain fall. Manson touches the district normally in the second half of June and showers the district up to September. Good rain falls are the main reason for development of agriculture and vegetation. The average rain fall in the district is 1009 mm.



Soil found in the district mainly Clay Soil, Sandy Soil and Alluvial Soil Gangatic Soil.For agriculture and vegetation. This type of Soil is useful and important.


Fauna :

Animals widely found in the district are Cows, Buffaloes, Horses, Sheep, Goats and Pigs. These animals play an important role in the life of farmers. Some small wild animals like Nil Gay, Rabbits, Sahil, Jackals, Fox and Peacock are in the area within the district. Some times Deers, Elephants and Leopards and also seen within the district.



Planned irrigational facilities within the district are not sufficient. There are mainly two sources of irrigation systems. One is Gandak Canal and others is government tube well. Gandak Canal has two Divisions one is the Saran Canal Division Gopalganj and second is the Saran Canal Division Bhorey. The total net irrigated areas is 98,352.64 hqr these two irrigational systems coverless than 45% of the total cultivable land area of district. Farmers depend either upon Manson or private irrigational system i.e. Hand pump, Boring, Lift irrigation. Local waters storage or on Ponds for irrigation of there fields.



Gopalganj falls under greenbelt areas. Roughly all types of trees and plants are found in the district namely Babbul, Neem, Shisham, Mango, Sagwan, Katahal, Sal, Shakhuwa, Peepal, Bargad etc.

Unfortunately the people of Gopalganj due to lake of awareness are cutting trees without carrying for its bad impacts. Awareness about the ecological balance must be spread amount the general people specially the children.



All types of food grains and crops are found in this region as Wheat, Paddy, Grams, Arahar, Maize, Sarso, Tishi, Potato, Sugar Cane etc. But Wheat, Paddy and Maize are the main crop of the district Gopalganj is also known for production of Green Vegetables, Fish, Sugar Cane, Milk and Milk products.



There are 835 Primary, 323 Middle and 51 High Schools. One Teachers Training College, One Government Polytechnic, One Homeopathic College, One ITI, Mirganj, One Sainik School, Hathua, One Central School, 4 Cons College etc. are situated in the district.


Economy Industries Sugar industries, vegetable oil, irrigation, etc.
Industrial centres Gopalganj,SasaMusha,Sidhwalia,Hatua.
Main markets Gopalganj, Mirganj
Main banking centres Punjab National Bank,Canara bank,Allahabad bank,Kshtriya Gramin Bank,Co-operative bank Main bank: State Bank of India (Gopalganj)
Disaster vulnerability Flood Yes
Earthquake No
Cyclone No
Drought No
Medical facilities

The District has 1 District Hospital, 3 Referral Hospital, 8 Primary Health Centers and 23 Additional Primary Health Centers to center the basic health needs for the district. Some times district is face drought like condition. The irrigational facilities are not sufficient. This causes the farmers to face the drought like condition

District Hospitals 1
Referral Hospitals 3
Primary Health Centers 14
Additional Primary Health Centers 22
Health Sub Centre  
Gramin Ausadhalay 9
AIDS Control Society  
Trained Nurses  
Trained Doctors  
Blood banks 1
Culture Language Bhojpuri is the local language. People speak in Hindi also.
Food The staple food of the people is wheat, Litti and rice.
Transportation and communication Post and telegraph services 41 post offices, 11 telegraph offices
State highways passing through the district and road services Major national and state highways pass through the district. The national highway NH28 that pass through Gopalganj (68Km):
Important railway stations and railway services Gopalganj is a railway junction connected to Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Nagpur and Allahabad, Chennai etc. Thawe is a big junction in Gopalganj district.
Culture and Religion Fairs and festivals :

All festivals like Durga – Pooja, Deepawali, Janamashtami, Kali Pooja, Sarswati Pooja, Nag Panchemi, Chhath Pooja, Shiv Ratri, Id, Bakarid, and Mohharam are celebrated with great religious enthusiasm spirit and harmony

Religious places :

Durga Mandir of Thawe is an important temple of Maa Durga situated at the Gopalganj – Siwan main road at Thawe Block. It is very famous temple people came from all parts of the districts and out side to pray the Goddess to full fitment of there dreams.

Languages/Dialects Bhojpuri, Hindi
Banking Nationalised Banks 7
Co-operative Banks 2
ATM facilities 1. State Bank of India 2.Canara Bank, Gopalganj

3.Punjab National Bank. 4.Bank of India.

5.I.C.I.C.I Bank


Weakness of the District:-The District is suffering from major setback, Flood. The district faces flood form river Gandak that destroy standing Crops and human lives and cattle lives. Half of the blocks face flood during the rainy season. Partly or wholly. This cause threat to the recourses of the district. Although there is a Jamindari Bandh and protective Ring Bandh on the bank of river Gandak but the condition of the Bandh is worst and the District has to face a lots of problem to protect the Bandh. These Bandhs are repaired many times.


Last updated on 15/07/2017